Mobile Phone Features Explained: [A Complete Guide]14 min read
So far now we’ve learned about many mobile phone and their specifications. But many of us still don’t know what actually is SoC, Display Types, battery and other features of the phone. Lets directly start with core part of the mobile phone, SoC.
Many times I and others have come up to the fact about SoC. But did you know what actually does it means? What is the purpose/use of this term SoC? How processors works? What are the different types of SoCs on mobile phone? And which one is the best of all?
We’ll clear all the details about SoCs here. So let’s get started with it …
What is SoC?
SoC, also known as System on Chip that means the mobile phone will be wrapped up on a single Integrate Circuit comprising microprocessors, RAM, GPU, nano chips, and many more. And one of the major component of the SoC is the ARM Architecture. It’s the CPU of the mobile phone. The clock speed and number of cores used does not clearly explain how fast is the processor works.
Types of SoCs:
◆ Qualcomm Snapdragon: One of the most powerful and greatly user by the largest mobile brands like LG, Google, Motorola, HTC, OnePlus, etc. They find many use in mobile phones and computers. The Snapdragons processors allow you multi-tasking, less processing time, high and efficient graphics performance, good connectivity, High speed CPU performance and a lot more features.
The Qualcomm’s Snapdragon was first designed and produced back in 2007 and is working effectively up till now. There is a series of Qualcomm’s Snapdragon processor that were built with time to time in the past few years.
So we find there are a number of Snapdragon’s Chipset. Now which one is best and perfect for you.
Snapdragon comes in different variants but do you know which one is best and satisfies you and your UX(User Experience).
There are a list of Snapdragons processor out there since 2007.
◆ Apple A Series: The Apple has launched its own Apple A-series micro-processors to be put inside the heart of the phone.
The Apple has designed an A-Series that works only for mobile version. The processors operates via an ARM Architecture for functioning.
Latest of all is the A10 Fusion and A10X Fusion that works for iPod Pro, Apple TV 4k and iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus & iPhone X, respectively.
◆ Samsung Exynos: Samsung Corporation has designed and manufactured a series of ARM based processors to be put inside the mobile phone. Until SoC’s development the company used ARM(cortex A53 and cortex A73) technology. However after successful development of Exynus 8 and Exynus 9, Samsung turned down all obsolete versions of Exynus.
Both Exynus 8 and Exynus 9 make use of Mongoose(a kind of processor), that is currently been used by Samsung in bulk.
◆ Huawei Kirin Series: Similar to the Qualcomm’s Snapdragon processors in the mobile phones, the Kirin family belongs to the Huawei. HiSilicon has developed a series of processors under the hood of Kirin.
Kirin 920, 925, 928, 930, 935, 950, 955, 960, 970, uses a four Cortex A53 and four Cortex A73.
◆ MediaTek Helio Series: MediaTek is a Taiwanese Semiconductors manufacturing company that delivers small chips for various computers, mobile phones, tablets and many other multimedia devices.
MediaTek processors were resigned in the market place as it’s quite affordable offering some really great features. From fast performance to great battery sustainability, fast charging, advanced processing time, an awesome picture quality and a lot more feature were included in MediaTek’s chipset.
MediaTek discovering something new and so comes the latest MediaTek Helio family that includes –
MediaTek Helio X: It’s considered as the perfect warrior of the MediaTek’s processor Helio family. It performs all those functions that is generally required by any user like photography to less processing time with high accuracy and many more.
MediaTek Helio X family includes MediaTek 10,20, 23, 25, 27, 30.
MediaTek Helio A: This includes MediaTek’s Helio A22 that gives average performs on mobile devices.
MediaTek Helio P: MediaTek P series barely performs well in terms of performance, display and other such features but is focused fully on battery power of the phone. That means it serves its best at battery backup out throwing other features.
ARM Architecture (explained):
ARM, also known as Advanced RISC(reduced instruction set computer) Machine is a set of mobile processor that performs various tasks of the handset as per instruction given by the user developed by Advanced RISC Machines(ARM).
ARM makes a 32-bit and 64-bit RISC multi-core processors that performs a number or millions of operations as you switch ON the mobile phone and start operating it with a great amount of accuracy. ARM gives an outstanding performance with a lower rate of power consumption with higher rate of output.
ARM processor as you know are extensively used in mobile phones, electronic watches, and other multimedia players.
Because of the reduced set of instruction, the transistors are used in less amount that enables it to be used for small thumb sized Integrated Circuit(IC)
It’s lower power consumption and higher and a faster rate of generating results using a complex set of instructions make it the most liable and suitable for its use as a small sized chip.
Until now we have covered all the major mobile brand processors. And we still find ourselves confusing and juggled up in the type of processors that which one is best? Which is best super hero in terms of performance of the phone? Which one to choose while buying a new phone?
Let’s now discuss which one is the best and toughest of all and which is less-suited processor in the current case scenario.
Moving ahead to the camera department we often encounter with the terms like aperture, focus, bokeh mode, portrait mode, ppi, fps,
Did you know about the camera of a mobile phone? What is the focus of the camera? What is that ppi, fps, aperture and what not? Let’s get inside everything that a camera consists of….
Aperture: Similar to our eyes the lens consists of an aperture, describes the amount of light entering into the aperture. As the number increases the background focus will increase vice versa.
Aperture is represented by a focus of the lens.
f/1.8 – x
f/2.4 – y
f/3.6 – z
f/7.0 – s
f/8.4 – d
f/11 – r
f/18 – t
The above order illustrates that the background focus ability will increase as soon as the focus of the aperture increases that means the foreground focus will decrease and gets blurred.
So the aperture will be more sophistically be represented by:
From now onwards we got to know that how aperture affects our photography whether it’s a mobile phone or a DSLR camera.
Now let’s jump directly into other features of the photography….
Many a time I’ve written down on my previous articles that this or that mobile phone uses a bokeh mode and that simply related to the blur effect.
Yes, bokeh mode means the blur effect of the background focusing foreground or vice versa.
Focus: Now you’ve come across of the fact that what is a focus? And what does it actually means?
Focus means the object which you want to highlight in your picture frame. That’s it, its not that complex thing that you actually think of.
Pixel Per Inche means the number of pixels of picture displayed on the screen in every inches of the screen.
For better understanding let’s take an example:
In a TV(television) you’ve noticed that there were lots of black dots in the TV screen when there’s low connectivity between your TV setup and broadcaster. This generally happens during rainy season or due to server error.
So we’re required to have a large PPI in order to experience great picture quality.
Many a times I’ve written down on mobile phones specifications that this phone has a 425 ppi and other have xyz ppi. Now which how many ppi should be best for you and how it actually affects one’s vedio, gaming experience?
So we are required to have a mobile phone having decently PPI greater than 400. This will enable you a better vedios, gaming experience.
How many times have you come up with the term FPS(frame super second)?
Well I’ve also introduced with the term fps in my previously written articles.
Let’s get to know what fps actually is..
Frames per second is the unit that measures the number of times the pictures gets refreshed in per second.
Here Frames refers to the images that your camera captures in a second.
The more the fps the better will be the quality of gaming/vedios that gets displayed on the screen of mobile phone or computer.
That means the camera with 30fps will capture and displays really great and smoother vedio. And the camera with 40fps will capture and displays off more detailed vedio/gaming experience for the same time(seconds).
Now on increasing the fps rate, the vedio will play at slower rate with 120fps because of the larger number of frames in a given second of time.
With 240fps the frame(image) capturing ability will be higher and the vedio playback speed will be lesser.
The greater the fps the better and smoother will be the display and vice versa. So you have to choose the one with fps like 30, 40.
Basically the mobile phones nowadays uses an IPS(in-plane switch) display made of glass covered up with gorilla glass as a layer of protection to protect it from any scratches or tamper.
Display is one of the major component of the mobile phone that a user must need to know about the features and pampering of screen while buying a new mobile phone.
◆ Resistive: Resistive touch screens works as soon the gentle pressure is applied on the display screen. The resistive display senses the pressure applied and gives the output as per the input registered. The resistive touches can be operated via a stylus, finger, fingernail, or any other softer objects.
◆ Capacitive: Capacitive touch screen works on the principle of skin touch of the finger tip. It’s one of the most used display screen on a mobile phone. It works only on the skin touch and not on the pressure applied.
Capacitive touch can only be operated using finger skin and will not work with stylus, fingernail, finger, or any other such objects.
Based on the above two, we have 10 different screen display types:
◆ TFT: Thin Film Transistor LCDs are the becoming more famous these days as it offers good picture/vedio quality and a great screen resolution to the viewers.
TFTs suffers when viewed from narrow angle and when viewed on direct light or source of sunlight.
It consumes more power and hence are not user-friendly. But the cost of production is low and so easy to manufacture. And that’s why it’s widely used in many of the mobile phones From lower end smartphone to budget phones.
◆ IPS LCD: In-Plane Switching Liquid Crystal Display is the upgraded version of the TFT displays giving a perfect finishing to the mobile phone. It also has a wider viewing angles and a perfect color mixture of the texture(images). It serves a good battery life to the mobile phones. Offering wider resolutions of a picture on the screen.
A higher-end resolution is used on some smartphones called Retina display because of its brilliant picture quality.
◆ OLED: Organic Light-Emitting Diode is the future of the mobile screen as it offers great color experience to the user. Some great feature it offers are – good color mixture at the sides of the screen, less or no blackening at the sides of the screen, higher and/or good brightness, less power consumption.
It has some really good features but somewhat costs higher. This is why it’s used only on high-end smartphones, featured phones.
Wrapping up all the features and other details the cost of an OLED display screen comes around 2000 INR.
This is what many of the high-end mobile phone makers are using nowadays. So now you’ve got some idea of what exactly the oled displays are and why the price of the mobile phones has been picked up so high.
◆ AMOLED: Active Matrix Light Emitting Diode is a fast moving mobile display screen that a mobile phones are extensively using nowadays. And why not to use these screens as this is quite similar to the OLED display screens.
Both OLED and AMOLED are backend by LCDs. The screen behind our eyes are packed up by a layer of LCDs that works under the front screen.
AMOLED offers some great features similar to OLED display screens like awesome color mixture, coloured side view(doesn’t blackens while watching TV from sides), perfect blackening, great picture/movie view, a wider angle view, lightweight, less power and consumption.
One of the major component of any mobile phone is the Battery. Battery is like food for the mobile phone. This is what decides that how long the mobile phone will survive. This also adds an extra weight to the mobile phone due to the power backup and usage. position:
◆ Li-poly(lithium polymer) Battery – Lithium polymer is the most advanced technology being used in the most mobile phones. This technology makes it the most light weight and ultra slim battery.
It has a low energy density, shorter shelf life, non user-replaceable. They can be used for longer duration of time a gets quickly charged up. They are available in different shape and is a bit heavy.
Devices like Samsung Galaxy S3, Blackberry, and many other mobile phone uses Li-pol batteries.
◆ Li-ion(lithium ion) Battery – Li-ion batteries aree the oldest and most used technology used in making mobile phone batteries. With higher energy density, long shelf life and user replaceable battery makes it the most used battery.
They are available only on a rectangular shape. Also the Li-ion batteries o not get discharged easily.
Ath the same time both the batteries have a drawback that they could be exploded at any time if charged up for long time.
The batteries of mobile phones nowadays arrives with a user removable type and non-removable type.
Which one is the best – removable battery or non-removable battery?
So many a time we’ve been through the question that – Is removable battery the best or the non-removable one is the best?
Ohh you don’t need to worry about anything. Let me explain it all…
The phone that has a non-removable battery allows a better look, premium design and more power to the phone. Plus it becomes slim too and covered by only back cover. While the one with removable battery type, the phone becomes quite heavier, and does not be able to get a good finishing.
Now the removable batteries after limited use becomes obsolete and many users then wanted to have a new battery inside of the original one. This proved some loss to the phone makers and so manufacturers decided to make a device with non-removable batteries that will make a little profit to the manufacturers as when you got your mobile battery down. You’ll have to go to company’s service center or your nearest mobile repairing shop.
So this is how mobile phone has got converted from removable batteries to the non-removable batteries.
And this non-removable batteries led to the discovery of the so-called Power Bank. This is how the mobile power bank evolved and got used by millions of users around the world.
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Facts about Non-Removable Batteries:
◆ The non-removable battery can be removed easily by anyone required few instruments used to open the case of the mobile phone.
◆ The device can be restarted when it’s got hanged by holding(for few seconds) the power button of any mobile phone.
◆ The cost of manufacturing these batteries are somewhat lower.
◆ The sales will be higher as when you need to change your obsolete battery after 2-3 years of use and if it’s not available then you’re most probably be going for the new ones.
Now we’ve learned all the basics about the mobile phone features that any mobile device consist of. Hope you got all the points cleared to some extent and if not then don’t hesitate to comment below to let me know about any queries.